%0 Generic
%D 2007
%T 具不完美品質生產之買賣雙方非合作下之最適存貨模式
%A 蔡登茂
%A 王俊凱
%C 嘉義縣
%X 在供應鏈關係中買賣雙方之間的存貨問題是相當重要的，傳統的買賣雙方整合存貨大多以聯合的觀點進行探討。但在現實的狀況中買賣雙方可能是以領導及跟隨的非合作關係存在。因此，本研究在非合作的情境下以賽局理論進行買賣雙方之存貨問題探討，並引用Stacklberg 的競爭策略建構最適切的買方運送批量、賣方運送次數及折扣價格的決策模式。本研究假設賣方的生產系統為一個不完美生產的狀況，依此進行數學模式之推導，探討當賣方為領導者、買方為跟隨者時的最適決策方法。最後，本研究也以範例進行相關數值說明，並進行參數的敏感度分析。In supply chain environment, the inventory problem is an important issue between the vender and the buyer. In most of the literature dealing with vendor-buyer inventory problems are focus on the cooperation and the joint inventory models. However, in many practical situations, the relationship between vendor and buyer might be the leader and the follower. In Game Theory, this relationship is called as non-cooperative situation. This study quotes Stacklberg competition strategic in this non-cooperative situation and develops a model to determine the optimal size of each shipment from the vendor to the buyer, the total number of shipments per lot from the vendor to the buyer, and the optimal product price. In this study, the vendor production process is assumed to deteriorate during processing and produce a certain number of defective items. Then, a mathematical model is derived and a solution procedure is established to find out the best solution when the vendor is a leader and the buyer is a follower. Finally, a numerical example is given to illustrate the developed model. Sensitivity analysis is also performed and discussed.
%8 May 11 2007 12:0