Characterization of cytokine expression in milk somatic cells during intramammary infections with Escherichia coli or Staphylococcus aureus by real-time PCR

in Sciences Citation Index(SCI), 科學引文索引資料庫(SCI)
標題Characterization of cytokine expression in milk somatic cells during intramammary infections with Escherichia coli or Staphylococcus aureus by real-time PCR
出版類型SCI(Sciences Citation Index)
出版年度2006
AuthorsJai-Wei Lee, 李嘉偉, B. D. D., P. M. J., H. M. - K., & Z. X.
開始頁219
頁數10
出版日期2006 / 3
其他編號0000
中文摘要

The expression of inflammatory cytokines, including interleukin (IL)-6, IL-8, IL-12, granulocyte macrophage-colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF), tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha, and interferon (IFN)-gamma, by milk somatic cells was characterized by real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in dairy cows experimentally challenged with either E. coli ( n = 8) or S. aureus ( n = 8). The mRNA abundance of a target gene was calibrated with that of a reference gene (beta-actin) and expressed as fold of induction over the control quarter at each time point. At no single time point did all eight quarters challenged with the same type of bacteria demonstrated increased expression of a target gene and there was large variation among animals at each given time. As a consequence, most tested comparisons were not statistically significant except the peak time points of IL-8 expression (75- and 29-fold in glands challenged with E. coli and S. aureus, respectively). However, the average fold induction of all targeted cytokines was increased in response to both bacterial challenges with the exception of IFN-gamma. The expression of IFN-gamma was only increased in milk somatic cells isolated from E. coli, but not S. aureus, challenged mammary glands. Moreover, upregulated expression of cytokine genes had higher magnitudes and/or faster responses in glands challenged with E. coli in comparison with those challenged with S. aureus. We propose that the compromised upregulation of inflammatory cytokines in S. aureus infected glands may, at least partially, contribute to the chronic course of infection caused by this pathogen. Further research on identifying factors responsible for the differentially expressed cytokine profiles may be fundamental to developing strategies that mitigate the outcome of bovine mastitis.

期刊名稱Veterinary Research
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