Cilostazol therapy attenuates monocrotaline-induced pulmonary arterial hypertension in rat model

in Sciences Citation Index(SCI), 科學引文索引資料庫(SCI)
標題Cilostazol therapy attenuates monocrotaline-induced pulmonary arterial hypertension in rat model
出版類型SCI(Sciences Citation Index)
出版年度2008
AuthorsChiang-Hua Chiang, 黃新凱
開始頁825
頁數6
出版日期2008 / 4
其他編號0000
中文摘要

BACKGROUND: Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is characterized by a progressive increase in pulmonary vascular resistance caused by a proliferation of vascular endothelial and smooth muscle cells, resulting in occlusion of the lumen of small pulmonary arteries. Cilostazol, with its antiproliferative effects on vascular endothelial and smooth muscle cells, may ameliorate monocrotaline (MCT)-induced PAH in rats. METHODS AND RESULTS: Male Sprague - Dawley rats (n=10/each group) were randomized to receive MCT (75 mg/kg) only (group 1), MCT plus cilostazol (20 mg .kg(-1 ). day(-1)) (group 2) and saline injection only (group 3). Hemodynamic measurement on day 28 following MCT treatment indicated the development of significant PAH on MCT-treated groups (p<0.0001). Cilostazol was given to group 2 orally on days 28-90. By day 90 following MCT treatment, the right ventricular (RV) systolic blood pressure and RV hypertrophy were significantly higher in group 1 than in groups 2 and 3 (all values of p<0.01). Additionally, connexin43 and endothelial nitric oxide synthase gene expressions of lung and RV, and Bcl-2 protein expression of RV, were significantly lower in group 1 than in groups 2 and 3 (all values of p<0.01). Furthermore, the number of alveolar sac and small arterioles of the lung were significantly lower in group 1 than in groups 2 and 3 (all values of p<0.01). CONCLUSION: Cilostazol therapy effectively attenuates of MCT-induced PAH.

網址http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&amp;db=PubMed&amp;dopt=Citation&amp;list_uids=18441466
期刊名稱Circ J
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