The increase of immunity and disease resistance of the giant freshwater prawn, Macrobrachium rosenbergii by feeding with selenium enriched-diet.

in Sciences Citation Index(SCI), 科學引文索引資料庫(SCI)
標題The increase of immunity and disease resistance of the giant freshwater prawn, Macrobrachium rosenbergii by feeding with selenium enriched-diet.
出版類型SCI(Sciences Citation Index)
出版年度2010
AuthorsYen-hsiao Pan, 葉信平, Shu-Ling Hsieh 謝淑玲, Chiu Shieh-Tsung 邱謝聰, 江順吉, Winton Cheng 鄭文騰, & Chun-Hung Liu 劉俊宏
開始頁623
頁數6
出版日期2012 / 1
其他編號NSC96-2313-B-020-008-MY3
中文摘要

The effects of inorganic selenium (Se) (sodium selenate, SSe) and organic selenium (seleno-L-methionine,
MSe) supplementation on the immune response, antioxidant status, and disease resistance of the giant
freshwater prawn, Macrobrachium rosenbergii, were studied. Five experimental diets, including a control
diet (without Se enrichment), 0.5 mg (kg diet)1 of MSe, 1 mg (kg diet)1 ofMSe, 0.5 mg (kg diet)1 of SSe,
and 1 mg (kg diet)1 of SSe, were used. After 75 days of culture, prawn fed the Se-enriched diets had lower
mortality compared to that of prawn fed the control diet after being challenged by the pathogen, Debaryomyces
hansenii. No significant differences in the total hemocyte count, superoxide dismutase activity, or
clearance efficiency of prawnwere recorded among the control and treated groups. Significantly increased
phenoloxidase and phagocytic activities in prawn fed the Se-enriched diets were found compared to the
controls. Respiratory bursts of prawn fed both forms of 1 mg Se (kg diet)1 significantly increased
compared to control prawns. For the antioxidant status analysis, glutathione peroxidase, glutathione
reductase, and glutathione s-transferase of prawn fed the SSe-enriched diet at 1 mg (kg diet)1 were
significantly increased. The results indicated that the cheaper selenium, SSe is recommended to be added
in prawn feed at the concentration of 0.5 mg resulting in 1.5 mg SSe (kg diet)1 increased prawn immunity
and disease resistance against the pathogen, D. hansenii.

期刊名稱Fish & Shellfish Immunology
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