The coupled effects of size, shape, and location of vacancy clusters on the structural deformation and mechanical strength of defective nanowires

in Sciences Citation Index(SCI), 科學引文索引資料庫(SCI)
標題The coupled effects of size, shape, and location of vacancy clusters on the structural deformation and mechanical strength of defective nanowires
出版類型SCI(Sciences Citation Index)
出版年度2011
AuthorsPei-Hsing Huang, 黃培興, Fang T.H. 方得華, & Chuen-Shii Chou 周春禧
開始頁878
頁數9
出版日期2011 / 1
其他編號99-2221-E-020-015-
中文摘要

We investigate the tensile stretching behaviors of copper (Cu) nanowires (NWs) containing various vacancy defects using the embedded-atom molecular dynamics modeling approach. The coupled effects in various shapes, sizes, and locations of vacancy clusters (VC) and wire cross-sectional area on the mechanical strength and structural deformation of NWs are presented. The formation energies of VC defects are also evaluated. As the location of cluster defects changed from the edges to the surface or inside of wires, the yield strength decreased. Moreover, as the cluster shape changed from octahedron to cuboctahedron, the yield strength also substantially decreased. The extraordinarily structural evolution of defective wires that precede wire fracture from 10/4 transient multi-shell (TMS) structures necking into 1/5-type pentagonal rings were also identified via the analyses of potential energy, local stress, and atomistic number density.

期刊名稱Current Applied Physics
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