Pedogenic chromium and nickel partitioning in serpentine soils along a toposequence

in Sciences Citation Index(SCI), 科學引文索引資料庫(SCI)
標題Pedogenic chromium and nickel partitioning in serpentine soils along a toposequence
出版類型SCI(Sciences Citation Index)
AuthorsC.H. Cheng, 鄭長和, Jien 簡士濠, 飯塚義之, Ying-Shiu Chang 張英琇, & Hseu 許正一
出版日期2011 / 3

To elucidate the properties of pedogenic Cr and Ni in serpentine soils in terms of mobilization, three pedons on the shoulder (Entisol), backslope (Inceptisol), and footslope (Alfisol) along a toposequence in eastern Taiwan were examined for metal partitioning and their geochemical origins. The analysis combined bulk soil analysis by selective sequential extraction (SSE) with mineralogical methods, including X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy/energy dispersive x-ray spectroscopy (SEM/EDX) analyses. Experimental results showed that Cr and Ni were mainly concentrated in chromites and silicates, respectively, and were gradually exposed by weathering of the parent materials. The SEM/EDX analysis indicated that chemical modification of the chromites was more prevalent near the soil surface and that the chemical modification increased as available Cr content increased from the shoulder to the footslope. Landscape position was the most important factor in controlling the trends in Ni and Cr fractions. The footslope accumulated more total Cr and Ni by cumulization than the shoulder and backslope. Additionally, the soil on the footslope received more effective precipitation as run-on water from upslope and was potentially more leached than the soils on the other landscape positions. The accumulation of clay and dithionite-citrate-bicarbonate (DCB) extractable Fe (Fed) and the increase of exchangeable Ca/Mg ratio correlated with the increased total labile pools of Cr and Ni in the soil from the shoulder and backslope to the footslope. However, the concentrations of acid soluble, reducible, and oxidizable fractions (total labile pool) of Ni were higher than those of Cr, indicating that Ni was more available than Cr in all soils tested by the SSE procedures.

期刊名稱Soil Science Society of American Journal
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