A Study of Psycho-Social Adjustment Groups of Inject Drug User Who Living with HIV/AIDS in Prisons of Taiwan.

in International Symposium (oral presentation paper), 國際研討會(全文口頭發表)
標題 A Study of Psycho-Social Adjustment Groups of Inject Drug User Who Living with HIV/AIDS in Prisons of Taiwan.
AuthorsLi-Yu Chang, 張麗玉
會議名稱International scientific conference XI. Hradec Days of Social Work--Social work in the context of human rights
出版日期Oct 11 2014 12:0
會議地點The city of Hradec Kralove, 1227 Hradecka street

Background: The purpose of this study was to make an objective appraisal that the model and
effects of compound support group therapy (CSGT) on the psycho-social adjustment on people
living with IDU and HIV/AIDS in prisons of Taiwan.
Methods: The study was a quasi experimental pre-post control group design. The participants of
experimental group met once a week for 6 weeks in support group therapy. We used quantitative
and qualitative methods. The participants were non-random to select from the 4 prisons of south
Taiwan. Then randomize sampling to the experimental groups and control groups. In quantitative
method, four questionnaires include cognition of AIDS/HIV(+), attitude of AIDS/HIV(+),
depression, and social support that were made during pre-test, post-test and follow-up test data
collection and also to realize the change of groups atmosphere, group goal, satisfied with groups.
The 116 participants include experimental group with 60 participants and control group with
56 persons. In the qualitative study was used analysis of 26 in-depth interviews and support groups
Results: In quantitative analysis, we found that the support group therapy significantly reduced
melancholy and increased social support and AIDS cognition of people living with IDU and
HIV/AIDS in prisons. This study also proves the support group therapy is effectually. In group
therapy analysis found that the participants of experimental group had positive change of groups
atmosphere, group goal, satisfied with groups therapy. The group goal were finished including to
promote AIDS cognition and resource, to help members to express feelings about having
HIV/AIDS and share their grief, to look for positive power and reduce negative power, to increase
self-care skill and life energy, to face themselves about AIDS and IDU problem, to promote
positive relationship and change act, and to help members to discuss the future of life.In qualitative
analysis, we found the participants of group therapy effective change of their ecosystem in micro
system, meso system, and macro system that included increasing individual support system, to
promote family support, to increase peer support and resource system, and to change social value
system. There were to include in optimistic, more thinking, and more interaction, out of
self-contained, extend the social support network, reset himself, learn face the problems, improve
the attitude to family and treasure life. Overall through this support group therapy, there are
positive psycho-social adjustments to the individual HIV/AIDS patients in Social relationship. In
study, we had found the 17 delusional beliefs of the participants.
Conclusions: According to the result of this study, the two treatment models of the compound
support groups therapy (CSGT) made into two hours once a week for 8 weeks and 6 weeks for
the IDU and AIDS prisoner of different need. We found to induce three model of group treatment
of HIV/AIDS prevention that are HIV/AIDS education group model, HIV/AIDS consistory group

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