The decline in ascorbic acid content is associated with cadmium toxicity of rice seedlings

in Sciences Citation Index(SCI), 科學引文索引資料庫(SCI)
標題 The decline in ascorbic acid content is associated with cadmium toxicity of rice seedlings
出版類型SCI(Sciences Citation Index)
AuthorsYun-Yang Chao, 趙雲洋, Chwan?Yang Hong 洪傳揚, & Ching-Huei Kao 高景輝
出版日期2010 / 1

Cadmium (Cd) toxicity of rice (Oryza sativa L. cv. Taichung Native 1) seedlings was evaluated by the decrease in chlorophyll content and the increase in malondialdehyde (MDA) in the second leaves of rice seedlings. CdCl2 (5 microM) treatment was accompanied by a decrease in the contents of ascorbic acid (AsA) and AsA + dehydroascorbate (DHA) and in the ratios of AsA/DHA in leaves. However, CdCl2 treatment resulted in an increase in DHA content in leaves. Moreover, the decrease in AsA content was prior to the occurrence of chlorosis and associated with the increase in MDA content in the leaves of seedlings treated with Cd. Pretreatment with 0.5 mM AsA or L-galactono-1,4-lactone (GalL), the biosynthetic precursor of AsA, for 6 h resulted in an increase in the contents of AsA and reduced glutathione (GSH), the ratios of AsA/DHA and GSH/oxidized glutathione, and the activities of ascorbate peroxidase (APX) and glutathione reductase (GR) in the leaves of rice seedlings. Quantitative RT-PCR was applied to quantify the mRNA levels for OsAPX and OsGR genes from rice leaves to examine the effect of AsA or GalL pretreatment on the expression of OsAPX and OsGR genes in rice leaves. The expression of OsAPX2, OsAPX3, OsAPX4, OsAPX5, OsAPX6, OsAPX7, and OsGR1 was increased by AsA or GalL pretreatment. Rice seedlings pretreated with AsA or GalL were observed to reduce the subsequent Cd-induced toxicity. Our results suggest that AsA content may play a role in regulating Cd toxicity of rice seedlings.

期刊名稱Plant Physiol Biochem
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