Heat shock-induced ascorbic acid accumulation in leaves increases cadmium tolerance of rice (Oryza sativa L.) seedlings.

in Sciences Citation Index(SCI), 科學引文索引資料庫(SCI)
標題Heat shock-induced ascorbic acid accumulation in leaves increases cadmium tolerance of rice (Oryza sativa L.) seedlings.
出版類型SCI(Sciences Citation Index)
出版年度2010
AuthorsYun-Yang Chao, 趙雲洋, & Ching-Huei Kao 高景輝
開始頁39
頁數9
出版日期2010 / 5
其他編號0000
中文摘要

Ascorbic acid (AsA) is the most abundant antioxidant in plants and plays a role in responding to oxidative stress. It has been shown that AsA plays a role in protecting against abiotic stresses. Rice seedlings stressed with 5 μM CdCl2 showed typical Cd toxicity (chlorosis and increase in malondialdehyde content). Rice seedlings pretreated with heat shock at 45°C (HS) or H2O2 under non-HS conditions resulted in the increase in ascorbic acid (AsA) content and the AsA/dehydroascorbate ratio in rice leaves. Exogenous application of AsA or L-galactonone-1, 4-lactone (GalL), a biosynthetic precursor of AsA, under non-HS conditions, which resulted in an increase in AsA content in leaves, enhanced subsequent Cd tolerance of rice seedlings. Pretreatment with imidazole, an inhibitor of NADPH oxidase, under HS conditions significantly decreased H2O2 and AsA contents in leaves and reduced subsequent Cd tolerance of rice seedlings. We also observed that pretreatment with lycorine, which is known to inhibit the conversion of GalL to AsA, significantly inhibited HS-induced AsA accumulation in leaves and reduced HS-induced protection against subsequent Cd stress of rice stress. It appears that HS- or H2O2-induced protection against subsequent Cd stress of rice seedlings is mediated through AsA. The time-course analyses of HS in rice seedlings demonstrated that the accumulation of H2O2 preceded the increase in AsA. Based on the data obtained in this study, it could be concluded that the early accumulation of H2O2 during HS signals the increase in AsA content, which in turn protects rice seedlings from oxidative damage caused by Cd.

網址http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11104-010-0438-7
期刊名稱Plant Soil
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