Partitioning of calcium and magnesium (total divalent cations) during membrane filtration of milk

in Sciences Citation Index(SCI), 科學引文索引資料庫(SCI)
標題Partitioning of calcium and magnesium (total divalent cations) during membrane filtration of milk
出版類型SCI(Sciences Citation Index)
AuthorsMei-Chen Lin, 林美貞
出版日期2015 / 3

Partitioning of total divalent cations (TDVC) during reverse osmosis (RO), nanofiltration (NF) and ultrafiltration
(UF) has been investigated. During RO, there was an increase in TDVC and Ca2+, and a reduction
in the ethanol stability of RO retentates. During UF of milk at its normal pH, there was an increase in total
divalent cations, but only a slight increase in Ca2+ in the retentate. There was some loss of micellar calcium
during UF. However, the ratio of amounts of soluble to total divalent cations in the retentate
decreased as concentration factor increased. During NF, a small amount of TDVC was found in the permeate
and TDVC rejection was estimated to be about 0.83.
During UF of milk, the amount of TDVC in permeate increased significantly as the pH was reduced over
the range 6.7–5.1 and the concentration of Ca2+ also increased both in the retentate and the permeate.
However, this was not reversible, as when milk was restored to its original pH, its Ca2+ remained higher
and ethanol stability was lower. In contrast, for whey and for UF permeate, changes in Ca2+ were reversible,
when they were subject to similar pH changes. During UF, TDVC concentration in permeate
decreased as temperature increased, due to the lower solubility of calcium phosphate at higher temperature.
Ca2+ in permeate also decreased as UF temperature increased.

期刊名稱Journal of Food Engineering
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